The Buddha’s personal assistant, Ānanda, recited the first part of the Buddhist canon, the Sūtra Piṭaka, which contains discourses in dialogue form between the Buddha, his disciples, and his contemporaries on a variety of doctrinal and spiritual questions.
According to the traditional Buddhist account, shortly after the Buddha’s death five hundred disciples gathered to compile his teachings.
The Theravāda tradition claims that the Buddha taught the Abhidharma while visiting the heaven where his mother was residing.
There is no complete agreement among scholars and Buddhist traditions regarding the dates of the historical Buddha. From the middle of the 19th century until the late 20th century, Western scholars had believed the dates of the Buddha to be ca. Like all past Buddhas, the conception and birth of Gautama Buddha are considered miraculous events.
Fourth, it is strikingly similar to another version of the early Sūtra Piṭaka extant in Chinese (Āgamas).
Third, it expresses a fairly consistent set of doctrines and practices.
The Buddha’s teaching formed the foundation for Buddhist philosophy, initially developed in South Asia, then later in the rest of Asia. The first complete biography of the Buddha in Pāli is the Nidānakathā, which serves as an introduction to the Jātaka verses found in the fifth Pāli Nikāya.
Buddhism and Buddhist philosophy now have a global following. In Sanskrit, the most popular biographies of the Buddha are the Buddhacarita attributed to the Indian poet Aśvaghoṣa (second century C.