Visit London’s Jewish Museum ©Jewish Museum London In 1655, Rabbi Menasseh ben Israel of Amsterdam came to England to petition Oliver Cromwell to readmit the Jews.
After the Lateran Council of 1215, English Jews were forced to wear a white cloth badge called a ‘tabula’, shaped like the 10 commandments.
In the 17 century the political and religious climate changed as England was divided by the Civil War.
The influence of Puritan and non-conformist groups grew, generating interest in the Old Testament.
He was also keen to improve trade and knew Jewish merchants had made an important contribution to Holland’s increased prosperity.
However, his Council of State could not agree on the conditions under which Jews should be readmitted, and no conclusion was reached.