For more information on terminology, see the guide provided by the National Center on Disability and Journalism: Disabilities can be temporary (such as a broken arm), relapsing and remitting, or long-term.
Types of disabilities may include: Students may have disabilities that are more or less apparent.
There are many ways teachers can help children with learning and attention issues succeed in school.
Here are some common accommodations and modifications to discuss with the school as possible options for your child.
(Hodge & Preston-Sabin, 1997) Many of Universal Design’s methods emphasize a deliberate type of teaching that clearly lays out the course’s goals for the semester and for the particular class period. Toward an Accessible Pedagogy: Dis/ability, Multimodality, and Universal Design in the Technical Communication Classroom.
For instance, a syllabus with clear course objectives, assignment details, and deadlines helps students plan their schedules accordingly.
Terminology | Types of Disabilities | Access to Resources | Confidentiality and Disclosure | Inclusive Design | Learn More | References In order to create an inclusive classroom where all students are respected, it is important to use language that prioritizes the student over his or her disability.
In fact, students with learning disabilities are no less able than any other student; they simply receive, process, store, and/or respond to information differently (National Center for Learning Disabilities).All medical information provided is kept confidential.Only the approved accommodation arrangements are discussed with faculty and administrators on an as-needed basis.For instance, you may not know that a student has epilepsy or a chronic pain disorder unless she chooses to disclose or an incident arises.These “hidden” disorders can be hard for students to disclose because many people assume they are healthy because “they look fine.” In some cases, the student may make a seemingly strange request or action that is disability-related.However, students with disabilities may feel nervous to disclose sensitive medical information to an instructor.Often, students must combat negative stereotypes about their disabilities held by others and even themselves.(Scott, 1998; Bourke, Strehorn, & Silver, 2000) When teaching a student with any disability, it is important to remember that many of the principles for inclusive design could be considered beneficial to any student.The idea of “Universal Design” is a method of designing course materials, content, and instruction to benefit all learners.Your attitudes and values not only influence the attitudes and values of your students, but they can affect the way you teach, particularly your assumptions about students…which can lead to unequal learning outcomes for those in your classes.” (Davis, 2010, p.58) As a way to combat these issues, she advises that instructors treat each student as an individual and recognize the complexity of diversity.