Initially consisting of one puppeteer, by 1730 three puppeteers were used to operate each puppet in full view of the audience.
Thailand has Hun Krabok, a rod puppet theatre which is the most popular form of puppetry.
A "live-hand puppet" is similar to a hand puppet but is larger and requires two puppeteers for each puppet.
Marionettes are suspended and controlled by a number of strings, plus sometimes a central rod attached to a control bar held from above by the puppeteer.
Puppetry takes many forms, but they all share the process of animating inanimate performing objects to tell a story.
Puppetry is used in almost all human societies both as entertainment – in performance – and ceremonially in rituals and celebrations such as carnivals.
The origin of this form of puppetry dates back seven hundred years when the rice fields would flood and the villagers would entertain each other, eventually resulting in puppet show competitions between villages.
This led to puppet societies becoming secretive and exclusive. In the ancient Indian epic Mahabharata there are references to puppets. Padhye, introduced this form of puppetry to India in the 1920s and his son, Ramdas Padhye, subsequently popularised ventriloquism and puppetry. India has a rich and ancient tradition of string puppets or marionettes.
Some forms of puppetry may have originated as long ago as 3000 years BC.
There are many different varieties of puppets, and they are made of a wide range of materials, depending on their form and intended use.
They can be extremely complex or very simple in their construction.
A large rod under the water is used by the puppeteers to support and control the puppets.
The appearance is created of the puppets moving over water.